In organic farming, grass fertilization has long enjoyed widespread popularity. Gardeners love green dressing for its simplicity, safety, and the good digestibility and performance needed during a period of abundant plant growth. Wild grasses, weeds from the garden, green manure – if used correctly, they…
In organic farming, grass fertilization has long enjoyed widespread popularity. Gardeners love green dressing for its simplicity, safety, and the good digestibility and performance needed during a period of abundant plant growth. Wild grasses, weeds from the garden, green manure – if used correctly, they can replace purchased nitrogen and potash fertilizers or significantly reduce their volume. The most common are liquid herbal weed fertilizers. They are used both for watering and for spraying leaves (the so-called foliar dressing). What are grass fertilizers? How to prepare herbal fertilizer? What specific herbs to use for this? How long to insist? Let’s try to sort out all the questions regarding the most effective weed fertilizers.
INFUSION OF HERBS AS FERTILIZER
In practice, infusions are most often made from a mixture of various herbaceous plants: nettle, horsetail, rape, tansy, chamomile and others. In addition, wood ash, bird droppings, humates, yeast, as well as onion husks and garlic arrows are added to the herbs to enrich the fertilizer with minerals. But nettle and comfrey are considered to be the most valuable as green mass for herbal fertilization.
ORGANIC FERTILIZER: NETTLE INFUSION
Watering plantings with nettle fertilizer heals the land and the plants themselves, stimulates their growth and the formation of chlorophyll. All flowers, fruit and berry and vegetable crops (with the exception of onions, garlic and legumes) respond well to feeding with nettle infusion. And the soil he shed becomes an attractive habitat for earthworms. Spraying radishes, arugula and Chinese cabbage with nettle fertilizer will protect the crops of these crops from the cruciferous flea. To make a fertilizer from nettles, fresh young plants are plucked before seeds form. In early spring, for example, for feeding seedlings, you can prepare a small portion of fertilizer from dry nettles. A wooden, plastic or earthen barrel is filled with finely chopped nettles and poured into 3/4 of the capacity with heated in the sun, settled water. The use of metal drums is not recommended as microscopic metal particles can react with water. The keg with the future nettle infusion is closed with a lid and left to infuse. Fermentation can take anywhere from three days to a week depending on the weather. In warm sunny weather, the process, of course, will go faster. Stir the contents of the container vigorously daily. Gradually, the nettle will begin to decompose, the infusion will acquire an unpleasant odor, dark color and stop foaming. This means that fermentation in the tank has ended. The organic nettle fertilizer is ready. As a root dressing, the infusion should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 9 right before use. For spraying, the concentration of nettle fertilizer should be even lower. The infusion is filtered and diluted with water at the rate of 19 parts of water for one part of the herbal infusion. After using the liquid fertilizer, the spent nettle remaining in the tank is placed in compost.
COMFREY INFUSION IS AN EXCELLENT FEEDING
For crops demanding potassium (tomatoes, cucumbers, beans), it is recommended to prepare comfrey fertilizer. This plant is superior in potassium content to manure and contains almost the same amount of phosphorus. Comfrey stems and leaves are rich in proteins and contain ash elements. Treatment of leaves of any crop with comfrey infusion is a quick solution to the problem of potassium deficiency. To prepare fertilizer from comfrey, one kilogram of chopped fresh grass is poured with ten liters of water and left to infuse for a week. A ready-made infusion of comfrey is diluted in the same proportions as nettle. All fertilizer residues are sent to compost in the same way.
You can insist on all the weeds formed after weeding the garden to feed the garden. Except poisonous ones, like buttercup. Mowed lawn grass is also fine. To prepare the infusion, whole plants are coarsely chopped and filled with water so that the green mass is completely covered. To get a richer fertilizer from the grass, add hay, straw, animal bedding or yeast to it. Yeast is dissolved in water in a proportion of 1 kilogram per 10 liters. The resulting solution is again diluted with water (1 liter of solution per 20 liters of water). It turns out yeast dressing, which is then mixed with herbal infusion to enrich the latter with macro- and microelements. Do not forget that all liquid grass fertilizers are applied to the soil only on cloudy days. In addition, when feeding your garden with herbal infusions, it is important to know when to stop. This fertilizer contains a lot of nitrogen. And its surplus contributes to the growth of green mass of plants sometimes to the detriment of fruiting. For this reason, grass fertilizer is used, as a rule, during the period of active growth – in spring and early summer.
In addition to liquid top dressing, excellent compost can be made from grass. This option is especially good for those who have a large lawn, which means a lot of mowed grass. Grass compost is made in bags: black polyethylene or construction waste bags. It is enough to fill a bag with fresh chopped grass (not very tightly) and tie. If the bag is made of plastic, it doesn’t hurt to make a few holes for air with a pitchfork and place the bag next to the garden bed. The grass in the bag quickly rotted to form an excellent organic fertilizer.